When the summer lettuce, peas, broccoli, carrots and early potatoes are out of the beds, new crops can arrive in the empty spaces. The situation is more difficult when there is no space in the beds, but even in this case think ahead about autumn and winter vegetables, because it is time to sow seeds. In this case, put the seeds in pots and later plant the seedlings in the garden, in their final place.
What to plant?
Autumn lettuces (endive, radicchio, lollo rosso, garden lettuce, leaf lettuce): can be sown from mid-June to mid-September. Lettuce seeds are sensitive to heat, so sow them on less hot days, water them with cold tap water, and shade them with tulle netting. Make sure you choose late varieties!
Lamb’s lettuce: can be sown from the end of July to the middle of September. Choose powdery mildew-resistant and winter-hardy varieties.
Asian lettuce (pak choi, tatsoi): can be sown from March to September. These are actually cabbages, ideal for autumn-winter cultivation. The leaves can also be picked individually.
Arugula or rocket: can be sown from the beginning of March to the beginning of September. For better germination, sow it preferably in cool weather, for example in the evening. Keep the culture evenly moist.
Spinach: can be sown from the end of August to the middle of October. For continuous picking, it is best to sow in several stages from August.
Swiss chard: can be sown from mid-April to early August. For continuous picking, it is best to sow in several stages. In summer, it requires a semi-shaded place.
Bush beans: can be sown from the end of April to the end of July. Pile soil around the base when the seedlings are about 10 cm tall.
Spring onions: can be sown from the beginning of August to the end of September. Sow in late summer for a spring, April-May harvest.
Fennel: can be sown from the end of June to the end of July. The tubers will be more tender if you pile up the soil at the base of the plant.
Carrots: can be sown from mid-May to the end of July. Cover the crop with fine mesh netting to prevent damage from carrot flies.
Radishes: can be sown from the end of March to the end of September; it is best to sow in several stages.
Beetroot: can be sown from the beginning of April to the end of September. With late sowing, the leaves can also be eaten, but in 8 weeks you can also get tender, radish-sized baby beets.
White turnip: can be sown from mid-August to the end of September. Small, tuberous, tender vegetable with a taste similar to radishes.
Winter radishes: can be sown from the end of June to the end of September. Excellent for mixed culture between carrots, tomatoes and beans.
Kohlrabi: can be sown from mid-March to the end of August. It is necessary to thin the seedlings when the first real leaves appear.
Curly kale: can be sown from mid-May to early August. When sowing at the end of summer, you can only pick the baby leaves, so you can sow more densely at this time.
Napa cabbage or Chinese cabbage: can be sown from mid-July to the end of July. Keep the culture evenly moist during the growing season.
Miner’s lettuce or winter purslane: can be sown from mid-September to the end of February. Undemanding winter vegetable.